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Saudi Arabia's Energy Industry

Saudi Arabia

in figures

Oil reserves297.5 billion barrels

Oil production10.94 million bopd

Gas reserves6 tcm

Gas Production117.3 bcm

Saudi Arabia: Dominance and Diversification

Saudi Arabia’s oil and gas industry has lifted the nation into being one of the richest nations in the Middle East. The country holds around 17% of the world’s hydrocarbons reserves and maintains one of the world’s largest oil production capacities, just behind the US. Saudi Arabia also holds the world’s sixth-largest natural gas reserves after Iran, Russia, Qatar, Turkmenistan and the US. The OPEC member’s oil exports account for 70% of the country’s output and support more than half of the government’s revenues. All areas of Saudi Arabia’s oil and gas industry are driven by NOC Saudi Aramco.

While Saudi Arabia has more than 100 different producing fields, eight of them are responsible for the majority of the country’s oil production. Most notable is the Ghawar field, the world’s biggest oilfield, and the Safaniya field, the world’s largest offshore oilfield. Most of Saudi Aramco’s investments go towards maintaining its upstream operations.

Saudi Arabia’s downstream operations have received massive funding as part of the country’s diversification roadmap. The nation now produces base oils, lubricants and chemicals, such as aromatics, olefins, polyolefins, polyols, isocyanates and synthetic rubber. In 2020, Saudi Aramco acquired 70% equity in Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, a local diversified chemicals company with operations in US, Europe, Middle East and Asia, further consolidating its downstream market.

The nation’s target to become carbon neutral by 2060 is being led through heavy financing of renewables developments, including blue and green hydrogen. Investment is backed by Saudi Arabia’s National Development Fund set up in 2017. The country has tremendous solar capacity and aims to harness its potential to have 50% of its power generation coming from green sources by 2030. While developments are underway, the country still relies heavily on hydrocarbons to meet its high energy consumption.


Aramco signs three MoUs to develop low-carbon tech
Saudi Arabia - May 20, 2024

Aramco has signed three MoUs with US companies to develop lower-carbon energy solutions.

Kuwait - May 09, 2024

Faisal Ayesh of Alkhorayef talks about the growing importance of public-private partnerships in Kuwait's energy industry.

Multinational - May 09, 2024

Alexandre Eykerman of Wärtsilä talks about the company’s pioneering role in adapting its solutions to the energy transition.

Saudi Aramco hands $1.7-billion contract to China’s CPECC
Saudi Arabia - May 06, 2024

Saudi Aramco has awarded a USD 1.7-billion EPC contract for gas infrastructure to CPECC.


Saudi Arabia maps

Upcoming Power Plants Map Saudi Arabia 2023

    Experience brings business in Kuwait Suresh PILLAI
    Kuwait - May 02, 2024

    Suresh Pillai of Mark Technologies talks about natural gas production in Kuwait's Jurassic gasfields.

    Innovation ups production in Kuwait’s upstream
    Kuwait - April 24, 2024

    Tareq Qaddumi, CEO of SPETCO, talks about developing novel solutions for gas processing and expansion plans in Kuwait’s…



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