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Indonesia Overview

Indonesia

in figures

Oil reserves3.2 billion barrels

Oil production808,000 bopd

Gas reserves2.8 tcm

Gas production73.2 bcm

Eastern potential

Indonesia made its first oil discovery in North Sumatra in 1883, leading to the establishment of Royal Dutch Shell in 1890. In the 1990s, oil production peaked,  surpassing 1.6 million bopd. Since then, production steadily declined until the country finally became a net importer of oil in 2004, and left OPEC in 2008. In December 2015, the country re-entered OPEC, where it has sought a special status as a mediator with exemption from production cuts.

In December 2018, Indonesia had 3.2 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, down from 4 billion barrels at the beginning of 2013. Even with an aggressive offshore exploration programme and EOR, oil production has continued to decline as recent discoveries have yet to reach full capacity. Set to become the world’s seventh-largest economy by 2030, Indonesia’s appetite for more energy will undoubtedly continue to increase in the next decades and the local hydrocarbons industry will likely be unable to meet the demand.

In January 2017, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources issued a regulation effectively replacing Indonesia’s cost recovery mechanism with a gross production split scheme for the sharing of hydrocarbons output between the contractors and government under upstream PSCs.

A large portion of Indonesia’s produced gas is exported as the nation’s gas production is dominated by foreign companies. CNOOC, Total E&P Indonesia, ConocoPhillips, BP Tangguh and ExxonMobil Indonesia are some of the major foreign players in the country.

With diminishing oil reserves, increasing domestic energy demands and vast, untapped conventional and unconventional gas wealth totalling 2.8 tcm (100 tcf), Indonesia is gradually reorienting its hydrocarbons industry. Supported by the government, gas production increased by 25% between 2002 and 2012. These gains were lost by 2014, but by 2018  production had increased to 73.2 bcm (2.58 tcf). The country has significant shale gas potential, which is being studied.

Jakarta has moved to reform its oil and gas industry, but long-term investment has been complicated by nationalistic overtures and legal barriers to exploration. Investor concerns over new energy regulations have raised questions about the future of the industry.

The Oil & Gas Year Indonesia 2020 is currently under production.

Jim Truesdell
Interview
Indonesia - September 16, 2020

Jim Truesdell, president-director of Samson Tiara, talks to The Energy Year about how the company is shifting its training…

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John Anis Pertamina
Interview
Indonesia - September 14, 2020

John Anis, then-general manager of Pertamina Hulu Mahakam and now president-director of Pertamina International Exploration &…

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Indonesia books

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Inarno Djajadi
Interview
Indonesia - August 13, 2020

Inarno Djajadi, president-director of the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX), talks to The Energy Year about the impact of the…

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Harsono Salim Kotaminyak
Interview
Indonesia - August 03, 2020

Harsono Salim, managing director of Kotaminyak, talks to The Energy Year about the advantages of having a localised workforce…

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Indonesia’s Exploration and Production Licence Areas 2020 Map

Indonesia maps

Indonesia’s Exploration and Production Licence Areas 2020

ALL MAPS
Suryadi Kresno JGC
Interview
Indonesia - July 29, 2020

Suryadi Kresno, director of JGC Indonesia, talks to The Energy Year about how the company’s work as an EPC contractor has been…

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Interview
Indonesia - July 23, 2020

Sacha Winzenried, energy utilities and resources leader of PwC Indonesia, talks to The Energy Year about the likely impact of…

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Andrew Livsey
Interview
Indonesia - July 01, 2020

Andrew Livsey, CEO of Horizon Geoconsulting, talks to The Energy Year about whether changes brought about by the pandemic will be lasting ones and positive prospects…

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Interview
Indonesia - June 11, 2020

Gary Selbie, president-director of Premier Oil Indonesia, talks to The Energy Year about how the company kept its offshore operations going after the Covid-19 pandemic…

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Interview
Indonesia - June 08, 2020

The Energy Year talks to Gerard Quillien, general manager of Energy Logistics, about operational adjustments that companies are making as a result of the Covid-19…

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Interview
Indonesia - April 07, 2020

Rudy Radjab, president-director of Kreasindo Resources Indonesia, talks to The Energy Year about the impact of Indonesia’s Refinery Development Master Plan (RDMP) and…

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