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Mexico's Energy Industry


in figures

Oil reserves6.1 billion barrels

Oil production1.93 million bopd

Gas reserves200 bcm

Gas production29.2 bcm

Mexico: Latin America's New Energy Powerhouse

The implementation of the Energy Reform Act in August 2014 marked a new era not only for the Mexico’s domestic hydrocarbons industry, but also for the country itself. Among the changes resulting from the act are the restructuring of NOC Pemex to increase efficiency and the opening of oil and gas value chain from E&P to retail to private foreign and domestic companies. Since 2015, two four-tender rounds have taken place, as well as the first auction of Round 3.1. Three more tenders were scheduled for 2018, but have been postponed. Additionally, in 2016, Pemex began farming out some of its more complex acreage to private companies with greater technological expertise and financial resources.

In addition to the reform, one of the biggest drivers of change in Mexico’s energy industry is growing demand for natural gas. Consumption is expected to rise by 64% between 2013 and 2027. Since 2010, Mexico’s gas imports from the USA have grown by 300%, and the US Energy Information Administration predicts they will double by 2019. Demand is outpacing storage and distribution capacity, a problem that spurred the government to lay out the Five-Year National Integrated Natural Gas Transportation and Storage Plan 2015-2019 which aimed to expand the natural gas pipeline network.

Despite being a crude oil exporter, Mexico has been a net fuel importer since 1998.  Pemex has taken steps to stem losses downstream, by partnering with private investors for upgrades and expansions at several of its ageing refineries. Additionally, the country’s new president is promoting a project to build a new mega-refinery in Tabasco. The liberalisation of fuel prices across the country was completed in November 30, 2017. That, coupled with fuel demand growth, has created an environment in which local and foreign, small and large fuel retailers can prosper. In March 2017, BP became the first private foreign fuel retailer in the Mexican market. Since then, several others have entered the sector.

Trinidad’s upstream opportunities Palaash NARASE Aronco
Trinidad and Tobago - March 24, 2023

Palaash Narase, operations manager of Aronco Services, talks to The Energy Year about challenges facing Trinidad and Tobago’s…

Pemex to develop offshore Zama field in Mexico
Mexico - March 24, 2023

Pemex and partners have submitted their plans to develop the Zama field in Mexico, the Mexican state-owned energy company…

Eni hits pay at offshore Yatzil prospect in Mexico
Mexico - March 20, 2023

Eni has hit pay at the offshore Yatzil exploration prospect at Block 7 in Mexico, the Italian energy giant announced on…

Trinidad and Tobago - March 14, 2023

Jordan Pollonais, managing director of Inland Offshore Contractors Limited (IOCL), talks to The Energy Year about new advances…

USA proposes Gulf of Mexico offshore wind round
USA - February 23, 2023

The USA is proposing its first-ever offshore wind lease sale in the Gulf of Mexico, the U.S. Department of Interior announced on…

Sonora: Mexico’s solar hub Mexico
Mexico - February 17, 2023

Banking on Mexico’s impressive solar potential, Sonora state has successfully attracted a lot of investment despite the lack…

Sembcorp hits record drillship milestone
Singapore - December 30, 2022

The implementation of the Energy Reform Act in August 2014 marked a new era not only for the Mexico’s domestic hydrocarbons industry, but also for the country itself.…




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