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Egypt Overview

Egypt

in figures

Oil reserves3.3 billion barrels

Oil production670,000 bopd

Gas reserves2.1 tcm

Gas production58.6 bcm

Egypt: Great Potential

Egypt is Africa’s largest non-OPEC oil producer and its third-largest natural gas producer, after Algeria and Nigeria.

After facing socio-political upheaval starting in 2011 which led to the ouster of two presidents within two years, including long-time leader Hosni Mubarak, Egypt has enjoyed relative political stability since Abdel Fattah El Sisi was elected president in 2014. That year, President El Sisi’s government launched an ambitious macroeconomic reform programme, which has helped the economy stabilise and improved the business environment in the country. In 2016, a new reform programme was introduced to enhance investor confidence and improve governance. Egypt has started to reap the benefits of these reforms, with real GDP growing at around 4-5% in recent years. According to the World Bank, foreign exchange reserves had greatly improved by July 2018 to USD 44.3 billion, having almost tripled from USD 15.5 billion in August 2016. Per David Lipton, first deputy managing director and acting chair of the IMF, Egypt’s “near-term growth outlook is favourable, supported by a recovery in tourism and rising natural gas production.”

Indeed, in December 2018 Egypt’s Ministry of Petroleum announced the country had achieved a major milestone: gas self-sufficiency. The overall production of natural gas increased during 2018 to around 161.4 mcm (5.7 bcf) per day.

Egypt struck fortune in 2015 with the discovery of an 850-bcm (30-tcf) super-giant gasfield in the Eastern Mediterranean, Zohr, which alone could meet more than half the country’s demand. The discovery was made by Eni, whose total investment in the project will amount to as much as USD 16 billion. Zohr represents the largest gas discovery ever made in Egypt and the Mediterranean. Eni brought production at the Zohr field to 76.5 mcm (2.7 bcf) per day ahead of schedule in 2019.

The increase in optimism surrounding the Egyptian oil and gas market is supported by the elimination of fuel subsidies, new bid rounds and new PSAs, as well as a 15% decline in oil and gas production costs.

The Oil & Gas Year Egypt 2019 is the most up-to-date and comprehensive report on the country’s hydrocarbons industry.

Egypt signs $1 billion in exploration deals
NEWS
Egypt - January 04, 2021

Egypt has signed nine deals for oil and gas exploration with companies such as ExxonMobil and Total, the country’s petroleum…

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BP starts up Egypt gasfield
NEWS
Egypt - October 26, 2020

BP has launched production at the shallow-water Qattameya gasfield offshore Egypt, the company announced on Monday.

The…

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East Mediterranean Gas Forum launched
NEWS
Egypt - September 22, 2020

The long-planned East Mediterranean Gas Forum was formally established on Tuesday via a virtual ceremony.

The group comprises…

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Sherif El Kilany EY Egypt
Interview
Egypt - August 25, 2020

Sherif El Kilany, Egypt market segment leader for EY, talks to The Energy Year about the impact of the Covid-19 crisis in Egypt…

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Tarek-EL-AZHARY STRATOCHEM SERVICES
Interview
Egypt - August 20, 2020

Tarek El Azhary, CEO of StratoChem Services, talks to The Energy Year about where upstream activity is continuing in Egypt…

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Mona Al Adawy
Interview
Egypt - August 19, 2020

Mona Al Adawy, managing director of GeoEnergy Petroleum Services, talks to The Energy Year about changes in doing business…

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Arshad Sufi METAS Egypt
Interview
Egypt - July 22, 2020

Arshad Sufi, chairman of METAS Energy, talks to The Energy Year about post-crisis opportunities in the Egyptian gas industry and the fate of the green energy…

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Interview
Egypt - June 16, 2020

Marwan Haridy El Shazly, vice-president for marketing and contracts at Pan Marine Group, talks to The Energy Year about why now is the time for Egypt’s local…

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Interview
Egypt - April 13, 2020

The Energy Year talks to Khaled Abu Bakr, executive chairman of TAQA Arabia, about lessons learned from previous periods of political turmoil and how investments in…

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