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Egypt Overview


in figures

Oil reserves3.3 billion barrels

Oil production670,000 bopd

Gas reserves2.1 tcm

Gas production58.6 bcm

Egypt: Great Potential

Egypt is Africa’s largest non-OPEC oil producer and its third-largest natural gas producer, after Algeria and Nigeria.

After facing socio-political upheaval starting in 2011 which led to the ouster of two presidents within two years, including long-time president Hosni Mubarak, Egypt has enjoyed relative political stability since Abdel Fattah El Sisi was elected president in 2014. That year, President El Sisi’s government launched an ambitious macro-economic reform programme, which has helped the economy stabilise and improved the business environment in the country. In 2016, a new reform programme was introduced to enhance investor confidence and improve governance. Egypt has started to reap the benefits of these reforms, with real GDP growing at 5.3% in 2018, compared to 4.2% in 2017, and with the IMF expecting GDP to further grow at a rate of 5.5% in 2019 and 5.9% in 2020. According to the World Bank, foreign exchange reserves had greatly improved by July 2018 to USD 44.3 billion, having almost tripled from USD 15.5 billion in August 2016. According to David Lipton, first deputy managing director and acting chair of the IMF, Egypt’s “near-term growth outlook is favourable, supported by a recovery in tourism and rising natural gas production.”

Indeed, in December 2018 Egypt’s Ministry of Petroleum announced the country had achieved a major milestone, gas self-sufficiency. The overall production of natural gas increased during 2018 to around 161.4 mcm (5.7 bcf) per day.

Egypt struck fortune in 2015 with the discovery of an 850-bcm (30-tcf) super-giant gasfield in the Eastern Mediterranean, Zohr, which alone could meet more than half the country’s demand. The discovery was made by Eni, whose total investment in the project will amount to USD 12 billion-16 billion. Zohr represents the largest gas discovery ever made in Egypt and the Mediterranean. In September 2018, Eni announced that the Zohr field was producing 56.6 mcm (2 bcf) per day, one year ahead of the Plan of Development’s schedule, and that it is aiming to increase this to 76.5 mcm (2.7 bcf) per day in 2019.

In addition, 2018 saw 43 crude oil finds, together with 18 gas discoveries. That year, average production of crude and condensates reached 660,000 boepd after 36 recently discovered wells were brought on line.

The increase in optimism surrounding the Egyptian oil and gas market is backed by the elimination of fuel subsidies, new bid rounds and new PSAs, as well as a 15% decline in oil and gas production costs.

The Oil & Gas Year Egypt 2019 is the most up-to-date and comprehensive report on the country’s hydrocarbons industry.

Arshad Sufi METAS Egypt
Egypt - July 22, 2020

Arshad Sufi, chairman of METAS Energy, talks to The Energy Year about post-crisis opportunities in the Egyptian gas industry and…

Egypt - June 16, 2020

Marwan Haridy El Shazly, vice-president for marketing and contracts at Pan Marine Group, talks to The Energy Year about why now…

Egypt - April 13, 2020

The Energy Year talks to Khaled Abu Bakr, executive chairman of TAQA Arabia, about lessons learned from previous periods of…

Egypt - April 06, 2020

Thomas Maher, president of Apex International Energy, talks to The Energy Year about how the COVID-19 outbreak is impacting the…

Leadership strategies for HSE
Egypt - February 14, 2020

Safety executives described their vision for effective leadership this week at the Egypt Petroleum Show (EGYPS) during a panel…

Egypt signs exploration deals with ExxonMobil
Egypt - January 29, 2020

Egypt’s petroleum ministry announced on Tuesday the signing of two new oil and gas exploration deals with ExxonMobil for blocks…

Thore Lohmann thyssenkrupp egypt
Egypt - October 16, 2019

Thore Lohmann, country CEO of thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions Egypt, talks to TOGY about recent developments in Egypt’s downstream sector and the company’s…

Osama El Bakly
Egypt - October 01, 2019

Osama El Bakly, chairman of Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS), talks to TOGY about how the company is working to attract investments from IOCs and why Egypt…

Sapesco Egypt Said Riad
Egypt - September 24, 2019

Said Riad, CEO of SAPESCO – SAHARA Petroleum Services, talks to TOGY about the upstream potential in Egypt, how the private sector is responding to recent framework…

Egypt - August 13, 2019

Mohamed Ibrahim Mahlab, chairman of Rowad Modern Engineering, talks to TOGY about the environment for construction companies in Egypt, the impact of the Tahrir…




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